The Sudanese military junta, in power after overthrowing Omar al Bashir on April 11, announced on Tuesday the rupture of the agreements reached with the protesters that forced its fall and the call for general elections within nine months.
This announcement comes 24 hours after the violent eviction of the protest encampment that demanded the transfer of power to civil authority, operation directed by the military that caused 35 deaths, according to the demonstrators themselves.
In a televised message to the nation, the president of the Transitional Military Council, General Abdelfatá al Burhan, attributed to the citizen movement that has led the protests, the Alliance for Freedom and Change (ALC) responsibility for the lack.
A global agreement and announced the call for elections under regional and international supervision within nine months, as well as the immediate formation of a government to take the reins of the country until then, reports Reuters. “Obtaining legitimacy and mandate can only come from the polls,” Al Burhan said.
The composition of this government is not yet clear, but the leader of the generals slipped during his message that it would be chaired by the military junta itself and that its main mission, besides organizing the elections, would be “to impose peace and allow freedom” informs Efe.
The intervention that has triggered the breakdown of negotiations took place on Monday when members of the heavily armed security forces broke into the protest surrounding the headquarters of the Armed Forces in Khartoum, the Sudanese capital, and forcibly evicted the protesters A reporter for France Presse reported that shots were fired. The committee of Sudanese doctors says there were 35 dead and 116 injured.
General Al Burhan expressed his regret for the violence, which he described as “an operation to clean Nile Street” and announced that an investigation will be opened. Members of the military junta, which had demanded days ago the dissolution of the protest to recover “normalcy,” have assured that the operation was directed against “delinquents” who had infiltrated the protest.
The international community has firmly rejected these murders. The United States condemned the “brutal military repression”, while the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, showed his rejection of the “excessive use of force” and demanded an independent investigation.
The United Kingdom and Germany demanded a meeting of the Security Council of the UN, which could be held behind closed doors in the next few hours, advances France Presse.
Meanwhile, the Sudanese Association of Professionals, a member of the ALC, has called on the population to “peacefully demonstrate” this Tuesday to “pray for the martyrs”, as well as at the beginning of a campaign of “civil disobedience” that coincides with the end of Ramadan, the Muslim holy month.
This citizen movement ensures that the “massacre” on Monday is the sole responsibility of the military junta and shows that the generals represent the continuity of the Al Bashir regime.
The agreements that had been reached and that were broken included the creation of a Sovereign Transitional Council that was to govern the country for three years until the elections were held. However, the military and demonstrators were unable to agree on the composition of the council, as the former wanted to maintain power through the presidency and broad representation while the citizen movement demanded that civilians lead the transition.
The military junta has received strong internal pressure from civil society and opposition parties and external parties from the European Union, the United States and the African Union to give up power, but at the same time has learned to build the support of key countries of the world Arab, like Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, who have expressed their support to restore peace and coexistence in Sudan. Similarly, Islamist movements have expressed their support for the military junta after it announced its intention to maintain sharia or Islamic law as a source of law in the future Constitution.